India reaches Second Position in Tea Production Globally, Thanks to Assam

Story highlights

  • India reaches second level in tea production globally
  • India produces a huge amount of 12,00 million kg of tea
  • Approximately 52% of the total tea produced in India comes from Assam

At the global level,India is one of the largest producers of tea in the world, second only to china and all credit goes to Assam, the largest tea producing state.

According to research, every year, India produces a huge amount of 12,00 million kg of tea. With billion plus population.

Although approximately 75% to 80% of the tea produce is consumed within the country, India has been a major exporter of tea and has registered an export figure of 232.92 million Kilograms in the year 2015-16. Assam Tea, Darjeeling Tea, Kangra Tea and Nilgiri Tea are registered as Geographical Indications which means these names can be used exclusively by tea producers of the respective areas.

Approximately 52% of the total tea produced in India comes from the state of Assam. The state registered 652.95 million kilograms of tea production in the year 2015-16. Lakhimpur, Kamrup, Goalpara, Sivasagar, Cachar, Nagaon and Derang districts of the state are major producers of tea.

Assam, a high plateau in northern India which spans across the Brahmaputra river is the single largest tea-growing region in the world. About 17% of the workers of Assam are engaged in the tea industry.

Assam accounts for more than 52 per cent of the tea produced in India and about 1/6th of the tea produced in the world. There are more than 850 tea estates and more than 2500 tea gardens in Assam covering thousands of acres of land.

Assam Tea is known for its body, bright color, rich flavor and aroma. The low altitude, rich loamy soil conditions, ample rainfall and a unique climate makes the production of some of the finest orthodox tea leaves possible.

Though Assam plantation generally produces black tea, the region also produces smaller quantities of green and white teas.

The tea industry in Assam is about 180 years old and plays an important role in the state economy as well as national economy.

Tea plantation in India was started in 1823 when wild lea plants were discovered by the British in the forest of Assam.

Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica (Masters). This tea, most of which is grown at or near sea level, is known for its body, briskness, malty flavour, and strong, bright colour.

Assam tea to see higher prices in 2018

Come January 2018, tea producers from Assam and West Bengal can expect higher prices in auctions as well as direct sales, as tea availability is projected to come down in these areas owing to a shortfall in production.

According to McLeod Russel, the world’s largest tea producer, prices in India have increased by ~5 a kg due to increased demand from both domestic and export markets and lower production.


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