- Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe
- The town of Kohima is located on the top of a high ridge
Kohima is the hilly capital of India’s northeastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma which lies in Kohima District and is one of the three Nagaland towns with Municipal council status along with Dimapur and Mokokchung.
Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga tribe. The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name Kewhima or Kewhira (Tenyidie for “the land where the flower Kewhi grows”). It is called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi, found in the mountains. Earlier, Kohima was also known as Thigoma.
The Capital City is located south of Kohima District (25.67°N 94.12°E) and has an average elevation of 1261 metres (4137 feet). The town of Kohima is located on the top of a high ridge and the town serpentines along the top of the mountain ranges as is typical of most Naga settlements.
Let’s know about places to visit in Kohima which becomes the city famous.
- KOHIMA WORLD WAR-II CEMETERY
Kohima War Cemetery is a memorial dedicated to soldiers of the 2nd British Division of the allied forces who died in the Second World War at Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, India, in April 1944. The soldiers died on the battleground of Garrison Hill in the tennis court area of the Deputy Commissioner’s residence.
On the 18 plots of the cemetery, there are 1421 slabs erected in memory of soldiers who were killed in the battle of Kohima. Of these, 1070 were from the United Kingdom, 5 from Canada, 3 from Australia, 33 from undivided India, 2 from East Africa, 1 from West Africa, 9 from Burma and 1 non-war grave. Each grave is supported by a bronze plaque with an apt epitaph.
- NAGA HERITAGE VILLAGE
The Naga Heritage Village is the most popular tourist attraction in the state of Nagaland. It is also known as the Kisama Heritage Village. The Heritage Village is designed in a traditional fashion to keep the Naga Village alive. It is the venue for the popular Hornbill Festival held annually. A write-up on Kisama Village along with images.
This Naga Heritage Village is an open-air museum, which represents traditional Naga houses and morungs with full-scale log barrels. The biggest festival named the Hornbill festival in Nagaland is celebrated at the village with many Naga tribes coming and meeting here for a weeklong cultural, sports, music and dance.
- NAGALAND STATE MUSEUM
Kohima State Museum is an excellent place to visit. It mirrors the culture of Nagaland and its various tribes. One of the prominent attractions of the museum is the unique artefacts of the sixteen tribes that live in the state.
The famous State Museum exhibits a unique collection of articles of varied tribes that portray the rich traditions. Tourists can find pictures of every tribe. The Naga architecture, their custom, social hierarchy, culture and costume, all are displayed in the museum.
The main items displayed here include statues, gateposts, pillars and jewellery. A ceremonial drum looks like a dug-out war vessel in a separate shed is also displayed there.