- Rohingya Muslims came from the erstwhile East Pakistan five decades ago.
- They are currently living in the Northeastern states as the refugees.
- Supreme Court, gave an order in 2015, that directed the Centre to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong refugees.
The Central Government is planning to give the Indian Citizenship to the refugees living in the Northeastern states came from Pakistan 50 years ago. They finally are able to call themselves Indians.
Rohingyas will not enjoy rights to Scheduled Tribes:
The refugees living in the Northeastern states of the country will soon be called as the part of the country. The struggle of this Muslim community is a five-decade long affair and the sufferings during this time period cannot be described in words.
Being a refugee in any country is a risk taking factor, They have a feeling all the time in their mind of being thrown out by just one order passed by the Apex body of the country.
Apart from this, the survival is way more difficult than anyone can think. Not being a part of the country these refugees cannot open any type of business and hardly receive any type of occupation.
The case is similar for the Rohingya Muslims as well, these people travelled all the way from East Pakistan about five decades ago and are currently living in camps in the Northeast.
Chakmas and Hajongs were originally residents of Chittagong Hill Tracts in the erstwhile East Pakistan who left their homeland when it was submerged by the Kaptai dam project in the 1960s.
The community since then, is finding their place in the country where they took shelter to live. Seeking this, the Central Government is planning to give away citizenship to these communities as this will help them to survive and upgrade their standard of living.
The move came following an order of the Supreme Court, which in 2015 had directed the central government to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong refugees, mostly staying in Arunachal Pradesh.
But as all moves have some challenges at the initial, this too contains such. The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu is opposing the move of the government. According to Khandu, the move will change the demography of the state and will affect the citizens of the country.
On the issue, Home Minister Rajnath Singh will discuss the matter with CM Pema Khandu and he will try to resolve the issue to give away the citizenship to these communities.
The Centre has assured the state that the community will not be provided with the powers and the rights enjoyed the Schedule Tribes of the state including land ownership and others. However, the refugees may be given the Inner Line permits, which is required for non-locals in Arunachal Pradesh, allowing them to travel and work.
According to the officials, the number of these refugees has been increased from about 5,000 in 1964-69 to 1,00,000. At present, they do not possess citizenship and land rights but are provided basic amenities by the state government.
The reason why seeking the issues faced by these communities the Centre is looking forward to provide the citizenship to them, to help them finding work for a better survival.
In 2015, the Centre was directed by the Supreme Court to confer citizenship to these refugees. The Arunachal Pradesh government approached the apex court to review its order but in vain.
After the Supreme Court’s rejection, both the central and state governments have started consultations to find a solution to the issue.
The move came amidst a row over the Centre’s plans to deport Rohingya Muslims, who have come to India due to alleged persecution in Myanmar.
Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju, who hails from Arunachal Pradesh, had said that the Rohingyas are illegal immigrants and stand to be deported. He had also said that India has absorbed the maximum number of refugees in the world.
Yesterday, in Geneva, UN human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein flayed any attempts by India to deport Rohingyas to Myanmar when the ethnic minority community is facing violence in their country.