Northeast India consists of the eight states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. Not so much established on the travellers’ map, yet North-Eastern India has its own charm that will sweep you off your feet. Come here for once and lose yourself in its charismatic magic. Let us know our Northeast and make at least a visit to the region.
Arunachal Pradesh, which translates to “land of the dawn-lit mountains”, is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. Geographically, it is the largest among the North-east Indian states. As in other parts of Northeast India, the people native to the state trace their origins from the Tibeto-Burman people.
The wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions have given rise to different forest types which create corresponding natural shelter, food etc. to varieties of wildlife. So, If you are a Wildlife lover, just come to Arunachal.
Established in 1912, Dominated by the mighty Brahmaputra River, the state of Assam is the gateway to the north-eastern part of India. This beautiful land finds its reference in the great Hindu epic Mahabharata as “Pragiyotisha” and “Kamarupa” in the first millennium. Endowed with lush greenery, Assam is also renowned for Assam tea, silk, petroleum resources and rich flora and fauna.
Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consists of tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo orchards and numerous wetland ecosystems; Many are now protected as national parks and reserved forests. So, if you are a green grass lover, must visit Assam.
Manipur, located in a lush green corner of North East India, is an oval-shaped valley surrounded by nine ranges of bluish green hills intertwined with cascading rapids, carpets of flowers and lazy lakes. A little paradise on Earth with her rich cultural heritage and sublime natural beauty, Manipur promises to be a favourite new Tourism Destination.
Some of the most beautiful and precious blooms of Siroi and other colourful orchids abound in their natural habitat in these forests. About 500 varieties of orchids grow in Manipur out of which 472 have been identified. The Hoolock Gibbon, Slow Loris, spotted Linshang, Mrs Hume’s Barbacked pheasant, Blyth’s Tragopan and Hornbills form only a part of the rich natural heritage of Manipur. So, come to Manipur if u love to smell the true orchids.
Established on 21 January 1972, Meghalaya is one of the most beautiful states in Northeast India. Meghalaya has great tourism potential, which is still untapped and unexplored. Meghalaya Tourism Department has formulated many plans and tourism policies, to attract more domestic and international tourists, which would lead to the economic development and generation of ample employment opportunities in the state.
About 70% of the state is forested, of which 9,496 km2 is a dense primary subtropical forest. Meghalaya also has a large variety of mammals, birds, reptiles and insects. The important mammal species include elephants, bear, red pandas, civets, mongooses, weasels, rodents, gaur, wild buffalo, deer, wild boar and a number of primates. Meghalaya also has a large variety of bats. So, if you are an animal lover, go for Meghalaya.
The name is derived from Mi (people), Zo (hill) and Ram (land), and thus Mizoram implies “land of the hill people”. In the northeast, it is the southernmost landlocked state sharing borders with three of the seven sister states, namely Tripura, Assam, Manipur. The state also shares a 722-kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar.
The state has dense bamboo forests. Rivers run in narrow ribbons that seem to be challenging the onlookers to plunge in for some adventure and entertainment. The hill ranges standing in north-south direction are brilliant with green plantations throughout the year. So, it’s a great place for mountains lover.
The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes – Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchungrü, Kuki, Zeliang and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes. Each tribe is unique in character with its own distinct customs, language and dress. Two threads common to all is language and religion – English is in predominant use and Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is predominantly Christian, with conversions starting in the British Raj era.
About one-sixth of Nagaland is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests—including palms, bamboo, rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests. While some forest areas have been cleared for cultivation, many scrub forests, high grass, reeds; secondary dogs, pangolins, porcupines, elephants, leopards, bears, many species of monkeys, sambar, harts, oxen, and buffaloes thrive across the state’s forests.
Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains. The state is bordered by Nepal to the west, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan to the east. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.
Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the ecoregions of India. The forested regions of the state exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora. Owing to its altitudinal gradation, the state has a wide variety of plants, from tropical species to temperate, alpine and tundra ones, and is perhaps one of the few regions to exhibit such a diversity within such a small area.
Tripura is the third-smallest state in the country and is bordered by Bangladesh (East Bengal) to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east. The Kokborok speaking Tripuri people are the major group among 19 tribes and many subtribes. The Bengali people form the ethnolinguistic majority in the state.
Tripura lies within the Indomalaya ecozone. According to the Biogeographic classification of India, the state is in the “North-East” biogeographic zone. In 2011 forests covered 57.73 percent of the state. Tripura hosts three different types of ecosystems: mountain, forest and freshwater.